When faced with the threat of alien invasion, whether in the form of little green men or acidic bacteria, it is the duty and responsibility of every man and woman to do their bit to keep the Human race alive. Your species depends on you! This set of guidelines has been collated by the British Government to help you survive should you find yourself stranded, without power, and staring into the face of danger. Any polite and sporting alien should provide ample opportunity for you to read the correct section in line with the Intergalactic Fair Invasion Treaty (2012), before attacking you. Good luck.
Braving the Wild – The Most Essential Survival Tool
Tools made from natural materials were used by our distance ancestors to ensure their survival, in both predictable and unforeseen circumstances. The ways in which they made their tools was primitive, yet highly effective. With a little determination, these tools can be constructed in a relatively short period. Once made, they can be used to protect one’s self and their family, as well as a means of securing food.
Most handmade tools can be made from easy to locate natural items such as: rocks and stones, the bones of animals and study pieces of wood. The first tool that should be made is a knife, since it is multi-purpose and essential to survival. Knives consist of three parts:
The Blade – There are several ways in which the blade can be fashioned. A large bone of an animal can be smashed with a rock and the shards used as a blade. Bone knives work well to puncture, but are fragile and will not withstand repeated or heavy use. In an emergency, wood can also be used for the blade. Knives made from wood are normally very weak, but can be strengthened slightly by using straight grained wood which has been dried over a smouldering fire.
When making a blade, the strongest option is to use a stone. Three separate stones will be needed to shape and refine the blade:
- Core Rock – This rock will become the blade of the knife, and it is important to make a good choice. A large stone with a relatively flat side which can be sharpened, is the best option. Wetting the stone makes it easier to shape and cut.
- Hammer Stone – As the name suggests, this stone will be used to hammer and chip away at the core rock to create the blade. A large smooth rock works best for this.
- Pressure Flaker – The purpose of a pressure flaker is to refine the edges of the blade, and can be made using either an antler tip or a small rock with a sharp point.
The Handle – Also known as the hilt, the handle can be made from wood or bone, and will need to be strong enough to support the weight of the blade.
The Binding – After the blade and handle have been made, they will need to be securely bound. Animal tendons are the strongest natural rope. They can be made by removing the sinew from a skinned animal, and drying it in the sun. Smashing the tendons after they have dried will create individual cords, which can then be twisted together to strengthen them. Strings of plant fibres from the inner barks of trees can also be used as binding material.
The hilt of the knife is attached by a process called hafting. An indentation is first cut in the end of the hilt where the blade will fit. The blade and hilt are then bound tightly, using the cord. A knife, the most essential survival tool, has now been completed.